Goda nyheter

2016-03-23
LEDARE

Landminor och splitterbomber hör till de mest sataniska verktygen i moderna krig eftersom de finns kvar när de stridande har försvunnits, kanske t o m försonats. Och de används fortfarande, trots internationella överenskommelser; varken USA, Ryssland, Kina eller Indien har skrivit under det s k Ottawa-fördraget mot landminor (som snart är 20 år!). Även Sverige har splitterbomber och USA har släppt ofattbara 270 miljoner splitterbomber över det lilla landet Laos. Det är mer än 20 ton per kvadratkilometer.

Det här är nu inga goda nyheter; det är inga nyheter alls. Vi vet att tusentals människor dör och skadas varje år och stora markområden kan inte användas. Med nuvarande takt sägs det ta 2000 år att röja all minerad eller bombad mark.

Men ibland stöter  man på nyheter som ändå ger lite hopp. Jag ska berätta om tre som är ganska low-tech och kostnadseffektiva eftersom de handlar om råttor, flugor och boskapshjordar.

Råttor är som bekant intelligenta djur och har en känslig nos, i klass med hundar. Det är inte svårt att träna dem att hitta sprängämnen. Därför har man börjat använda en sorts afrikanska jätteråttor för att hitta minor. Djuren är så lätta att de inte utlöser minorna och så effektiva att de söker av ett område på 20 minuter som skulle kräva flera dagar med metalldetektorer.

De här råttorna är ganska långlivade och tåliga eftersom de härstammar från Afrika och det är viktigt eftersom det kostar 50.000 kr att få fram en tränad råtta. Och deras nos har nu också fått en annan användning i Tanzania: att spåra tuberkulossmittade. TBC är ju en mycket farlig och alltmer spridd sjukdom. Det finns laboratoriemetoder också men de är dyra och missar många fall. Råttorna missar nästan inga och tillsammans ger metoderna god säkerhet. HIV-patienter har också ofta TBC och här är råttorna effektivast eftersom deras TBC ofta går under radarn i laboratorietesten. Och återigen: det är effektivt – kostar bara en tiondel av  laboratorietesterna.

Här öppnar sig ännu större möjligheter. Det är känt att hundar kan reagera på cancer hos människor och man anar att djur kan få en större roll för screening av andra sjukdomar – liksom de kan sniffa upp narkotika (The Guardian har skrivit om detta).

Nästa djur att träda i människans tjänst kan bli vapenflugan. Särskilt i varma och fattiga länder är sophögarna ett elände. Tänk då om man kan förvandla stinkande biologiskt avfall till något värdefullt? Det gör vapenflugan. Den lägger tusentals ägg som raskt blir till feta larver som t o m slukar ren skit. På några veckor ökar de 20.000 gånger i vikt. Ett ton hushållsavfall blir till 200 kg larver och dessutom 200 kg kompostjord. Resten blir vatten och koldioxid. Det sista låter kanske lite oroande ur klimatsynpunkt men om avfallet istället hade förmultnat hade det givit metan som är 25 gånger skadligare för klimatet!

Larverna är dessutom mycket värdefulla. Ett ton avfall ger larver för 1000 kr. Det är ett utmärkt proteinrikt foder för både grisar, kycklingar och fiskar som kan ersätta soja och fiskmjöl. Och man minskar avfallshögarna (och de här flugorna smittar inte; de flyger knappast). Odlingen skapar inkomster och vettiga jobb som är förhållandevis low-tech och därmed öppna för många.

Det är två envetna forskare på Ultuna som jobbar med detta som kan bli hur stort som helst – larverna kan odlas överallt (även i Sverige). Jag önskar dem all lycka på den lite krångliga vägen att få ut detta (mer att läsa i Ingenjören 2016/1).

Så boskapshjordarna som trampar ner och äter rent på savannen. Säger åtminstone den konventionella visdomen. Inte alls säger en motvalls forskare, Allan Savory. Ökenspridningen beror på vanvård och med ”holistiskt bete” kan man vända utvecklingen och förvandla nergången mark till bördig. Savory visar många slående exempel på detta i ett berömt TED-framträdande. Hans metod innebär en noga anpassad belastning där betesdjuren också trampar till växtligheten och därmed bereder marken för nästa växtsäsong. Enligt Savory kan detta också leda till en kraftig kolinlagring i marken till gagn för klimatet.

Påståendet om kolinlagringen har mött mycket kritik men hans TED-talk är bestickande. Jag vill så gärna att det åtminstone ska vara möjligt att bromsa ökenspridningen så som han visar i sina bilder. Jag vill se vapenflugan som en miljon- eller snarare miljardindustri till fromma för regnskogar och fiskbestånd. Och att tusentals afrikanska jätteråttor ska sättas in överallt där människor plågas av gömda minor. Och varför inte? Detta handlar mer om att dela på kunskaper än att investera pengar; det handlar om biologiska system, inte high tech . I biståndskretsar talar man om ”replikabilitet” – hur projekt som initierats av experter utifrån, ska kunna mångfaldigas utan sådant stöd. Det borde inte vara så svårt i de här fallen. Och då har vi goda nyheter.

 Christer Sanne

game mod offline android

nice. i like it.. visit
naruto senki apk dan juga kalian bisa download game android download game android offline gratis, dan juga download game mod android

bbm mod android

wow... nice site. i like it. visit
bbm mod gingerbread dan juga kalian bisa mendownload bbm mod jelly bean dan juga bbm mod kartun

NEW YEAR 2017

First of all i am saying that i like your post very much.I am really impressed by the way in which you presented the content and also the structure of the post. Hope you can gave us more posts like this and i really appreciate your hardwork.

new year

REALLY AWESOME POST

very good blog i have bookmarked it and will keep visiting it thank u so much sharing some good info

indian matka

Mmm.. good to be here in your article or post, whatever, I think I should also work hard for my own website like I see some good and updated working in your site.
Satta Matka
matka
matka
satta matka

Thanks so much i love wwe

Thanks so much i love wwe games and this wwe 2k16 is number one in the list as compare to others

Many examples nike factory

Many examples nike factory from tiffany jewelry the coach factory Bristol factories ralph lauren outlet are to moncler outlet be found burberry outlet online in christian louboutin the various museums, especially at South michael kors handbags Kensington, soccer jerseys where gucci belts in the north face pas cher famous cheap uggs Schrieber p90x Collection louis vuitton handbags are ugg uk some of jordan pas cher the canada goose finest examples extant. michael kors There nike air max is, for phone cases example, a burberry “Venetian nike trainers uk glass”—purely canada goose outlet Bristol, true religion jeans of true religion outlet course, jordan 6 but nike tn on mulberry bags a michael kors handbags clearance Venetian gucci outlet model, louis vuitton outlet which replica rolex is ralph lauren outlet online reproduced pandora jewelry as a christian louboutin uk frontispiece to ray ban pas cher this volume—and retro jordans also nike free a new balance pair of air max candlesticks beautifully coach outlet online ornamented with ugg boots clearance butterflies, polo ralph lauren pas cher wild flowers, nike factory outlet and leaves. longchamp uk They stand michael kors out abercrombie and fitch as most louis vuitton admirable nike trainers specimens michael kors handbags from rolex watches the michael kors outlet online Bristol factories.



It coach outlet store is a vans pas cher well-known michael kors outlet fact polo ralph lauren outlet online that the Bristol michael kors product, so air jordan pas cher admirable longchamp handbags was it uggs in quality and mcm handbags appearance{120} polo ralph lauren outlet and so louboutin closely oakley sunglasses cheap did nike roshe uk it ghd resemble the real nike tn pas cher Venetian canada goose jackets glass, thomas sabo uk was often north face outlet passed ugg italia off longchamp pas cher as the ugg boots product of canada goose outlet the tory burch outlet Venice glass-makers—the doudoune moncler pastmasters michael kors outlet canada of hollister the michaelkors-outlet-store art. cheap ugg boots Many a asics shoes collection, ostensibly hollister clothing hailing from Venice, must, swarovski on ugg boots clearance a closer burberry scrutiny, links of london be nike sneakers attributed nike air max uk to ghd hair straighteners a oakley sale place montre pas cher of pandora uk origin nike roshe run much oakley nearer michael kors outlet online home. burberry outlet This longchamp soldes form michael kors outlet online sale of substitution valentino shoes was ugg particularly cheap oakley prevalent michael kors outlet in nike free run the new jordans case of jordan 4 glass ornamented true religion jeans with white twisted longchamp threads christian louboutin outlet and vans in tn pas cher the case cheap gucci of hollister uk ruby-coloured longchamp outlet glasses rolex watch and mugs.



Many ugg soldes of longchamp the earliest specimens nike roshe were oakley glasses left polo ralph lauren outlet “raw” air max pas cher at longchamp bags the base, jordans and ferragamo shoes if the louis vuitton finger canada goose outlet be drawn lancel across true religion outlet the moncler ends burberry handbags the vans outlet existence of cheap oakley sunglasses sharp vanessa bruno edges will ray ban become uggs apparent. louboutin shoes This burberry outlet online is a test swarovski uk of reasonably good hogan value, moncler as true religion outlet I lululemon outlet have found on more bottes ugg than hermes bags one moncler occasion north face uk when new balance I hermes birkin have sac louis vuitton pas cher been hermes pas cher in doubt. swarovski jewelry Also, jordan 1 and michael kors handbags with the smaller timberland pas cher pieces in michael kors outlet particular, hermes handbags it louis vuitton outlet online was canada goose almost lunette oakley pas cher universal jordan 5 with the michael kors Bristol moncler manufacturer to nike air max leave cheap oakley sunglasses untouched moncler the converse pas cher “mark” michael kors or air jordan place christian louboutin where the michael kors canada piece was nike huarache nipped from the blower’s nike air max 2015 tube. Modern wedding dresses uk reproductions, louboutin whilst faithfully observing and imitating all oakley sunglasses wholesale the ugg soldes beauties canada goose jackets of the coach outlet store online model, sac michael kors have ugg boots clearance generally their michael kors outlet online bases perfectly smooth. longchamp bags Even lululemon where true religion jeans the ralph lauren outlet “mark” coach outlet has been imitated to air max give an sac vanessa bruno added air nike outlet store of polo lacoste verisimilitude ralph lauren pas cher to michael kors bags the air max specimen, cheap nfl jerseys the ralph lauren thing has been scarpe hogan overdone, uggs and polo ralph lauren outlet that ugg boots so


Another good test rolex replica watches is to place jimmy choo the specimen hollister in a michael-korsoutletonline.eu.com strong uggs light, hollister clothing store preferably sunlight. discount oakley sunglasses If, beats by dre when examined, air max the hollister colour bottes ugg is mixed, the north face jackets piece is of doubtful nike free run authenticity. michael kors outlet Spurious nike store specimens coach handbags often canada goose outlet run soccer shoes “cloudy” air force or louboutin patchy, michael kors outlet possibly mulberry uk because jordan future of kate spade outlet bad jordan xx9 mixing. This uggs on sale is, of cheap oakley sunglasses course, jerseys a north face useful test, provided louis vuitton handbags one nfl jerseys does not rely upon hollister it coach factory outlet entirely, michael jordan shoes for michael kors outlet online sale certain specimens of uggs on sale undoubted authenticity canada goose display burberry sale somewhat similar vans scarpe features. nike roshe run In uggs outlet particular, instyler ionic styler I canada goose remember an old drinking louis vuitton outlet flask marked with irregular nike roshe streaks rolex replica of white, sac burberry where longchamp outlet this canada goose jackets test would doudoune canada goose have proved absolutely burberry factory outlet misleading. cheap sunglasses Possibly ugg outlet the karen millen uk “feel” of moncler sito ufficiale the ralph lauren uk glass new balance outlet is michael kors pas cher the best abercrombie criterion, sac lancel genuine ray ban uk old wedding dresses Bristol being ralph lauren polo much michael kors outlet online softer gucci shoes to the ugg pas cher touch p90x workout than any modern uggs outlet imitation.



So tory burch outlet online many pitfalls coach outlet await nike air max pas cher the lunette ray ban pas cher average collector vans of oakleysunglasses2.us.com Bristol nike blazer pas cher glass gucci outlet online that I christian louboutin should celine bags hardly advise anyone oakley vault to red bottom shoes make moncler pas cher this reebok outlet his sole hobby, for true religion jeans although uggs canada it michael kors outlet online sale is louis vuitton still converse possible kate spade handbags to abercrombie find small canada goose pieces—cups,{122} hollister canada salt-cellars, replica handbags small bowls, ray ban sunglasses finger canada goose basins, mugs, hermes belt and nike blazer the iphone case like—the really nike air force important timberland boots pieces vans shoes of moncler jackets Bristol glass oakley sunglasses are few, jimmy choo outlet and they hollister pas cher and jordan retro their nike air huarache owners sac longchamp pas cher are oakley sunglasses pretty cheap nike shoes well louboutin uk known lululemon outlet to the cognoscenti. At any tiffany and co rate I lancel pas cher have not nike air max met air max anyone, jordan 11 in louis vuitton recent the north face years, canada goose pas cher who moncler outlet could iphone cases boast ugg boots of a mont blanc considerable find mulberry in guess pas cher this fake oakleys direction.



A links of london uk very fine specimen, north face jackets described michael kors canada as moncler “Old louis vuitton Bristol, 1760,” was tory burch put up louis vuitton pas cher for rolex watches sale some longchamp handbags eighteen months oakley sunglasses cheap ago, near oakley store London. Its ugg boots genuineness was michael kors outlet online further guaranteed by a lululemon outlet canada label pasted ugg on ray ban sunglasses the base, north face outlet showing kate spade outlet online that ray ban sunglasses it had passed through a coach bags well-known sac hermes London auction-room. The coach outlet store online owner, oakley sunglasses a dealer oakley pas cher in louboutin shoes a small way, ugg pas cher failing to find herve leger a ugg boots customer pandora charms in p90x3 London, abercrombie had put it ferragamo belts into mulberry outlet the sale longchamp bags of ghd hair the gucci effects swarovski crystal of a lululemon cottage. michael kors outlet online It was uggs outlet bought longchamp outlet online in louis vuitton canada by its owner ray ban sunglasses for canada goose outlet £3, 3s., nike roshe run pas cher and kate spade eventually louis vuitton outlet at michael kors outlet the end juicy couture of nike air max uk the ugg outlet day new balance pas cher realised louis vuitton uk only tiffany jewelry 36s. I hogan outlet saw the nike free uk piece air max 2015 subsequently. It was obviously air max 2015 a ugg reproduction, though louis vuitton outlet online a very louis vuitton outlet stores good prada outlet one, jordan retro 11 and certainly replica watches worth what ugg boots was hogan sito ufficiale given sunglasses outlet for it; but moncler jackets as he air jordan 11 had purchased it abercrombie as ray ban real old nike air max glass, sac louis vuitton and polo ralph lauren at louis vuitton a proportionate figure, it will, ray ban I polo lacoste pas cher fancy, moncler uk be fake rolex a long bottes ugg pas cher time abercrombie and fitch before moncler he bottes ugg pas cher again louis vuitton endeavours oakley sunglasses to secure polo ralph lauren uk a bargain in Old louis vuitton outlet Bristol. I air jordan have mont blanc pens known many oakley such air huarache instances, nike free and as baseball bats a north face jackets result http://www.michael-korsoutletonline.eu.com/ of vanessa bruno pas cher my jordan shoes experience louboutin I birkin bag have moncler outlet come{123}Spiral louboutin outlet wine louboutin outlet glasses michael kors are still often uggs outlet to sac longchamp be christian louboutin outlet found michael kors purses in toms outlet or near Bristol, and the fact that these christian louboutin are rarely found converse in longchamp outlet online other north face parts oakley vault of the country mac cosmetics seems to true religion outlet indicate moncler outlet that celine handbags they ray ban sunglasses outlet were gucci bags a polo outlet favourite sac louis vuitton form michael kors with the wedding dress Bristol ray ban outlet glass-makers. supra shoes Among babyliss the examples of jordan 12 Bristol cheap jordans ware marc jacobs here reproduced oakley sunglasses outlet (Fig. longchamp 27) is included replica watches uk a polo ralph lauren pair michael kors uk of jordans for sale vases. polo ralph lauren These{124} bottega veneta rank louboutin among oakley outlet the finest specimens still extant longchamp pas cher of lululemon canada Michael Edkin’s moncler work. This air jordans talented nike air max artist oakley vault was a burberry pas cher painter of jordan 3 some replica watches merit, who chanel handbags gradually nike air max 2015 drifted into tiffany and co glass painting, and for karen millen some juicy couture outlet twenty-six michael kors outlet years, beats headphones from true religion 1762 montre femme to wedding dresses 1788, was nike free engaged by michael kors handbags various firms nike free run to north face outlet online decorate their mulberry handbags ware montre homme with christian louboutin shoes birds, ghd straighteners flowers, etc. He www.michael-korsoutletonline.eu.com was coach purses also, christian louboutin shoes it nike roshe run uk may be burberry outlet added, a nike outlet singer and instyler an longchamp actor longchamp outlet of canada goose jackets no little nike shoes distinction.



Fig. 26 abercrombie and fitch uk shows michael kors outlet online sale a pair new balance shoes of nike air max candlesticks, cheap oakley sunglasses 6? abercrombie and fitch inches uggs in ugg height, pandora jewelry from the air max British Museum air max Collection. coach outlet They hermes are excellent uggs outlet examples hollister of ralph lauren Edkin’s taste michael kors and replica watches delicacy louis vuitton bags of converse shoes execution. the north face Great louis vuitton purses quantities thomas sabo of oakley vault glass prada shoes decorated prada handbags by him cheap ugg boots outlet must ugg outlet have rolex watches for sale been lululemon outlet online exported, longchamp outlet online and moncler jackets I have found roshe run pas cher undoubted specimens michael kors bags of nike roshe run his nike roshe work louis vuitton in ralph lauren outlet Rome and the ralph lauren museums of hollister other ugg australia Continental asics outlet cities marc jacobs handbags I have visited. nike free run pas cher One ugg boots uk of the north face outlet very nike air max finest oakley sunglasses cheap specimens sac guess of babyliss pro his art coach outlet is burberry a richly air jordan shoes gilt toms shoes and decorated insanity workout tea-tray, uggs now canada goose uk in the Museum lacoste pas cher of Practical Geology. Another example from the British Museum polo ralph lauren Collection timberland is uggs the jimmy choo shoes fine mug, ornamented louboutin with a michael kors portrait and abercrombie the word gucci handbags “Liberty” nike huaraches in nike free pas cher gold, longchamp possibly made chaussures louboutin by pandora charms some sympathiser with ugg the revolutionary spirit which nike free run uk strongly affected Britain louboutin pas cher as chi flat iron well air jordan retro as reebok shoes France longchamp pliage towards the close of the eighteenth century.

uggs on sale

xender

nice post

xender

nice post

Dangal Torrent Download

Thanks for the great post. I'm a big fan of your writing style. I will comeback and read all the other articles you posted.
Keep posting like this.
Dangal Torrent 
Dangal Torrent Download
Dangal Full Movie Download 
Dangal Movie Download 
Dangal Movie Torrent
Dangal Kickass Download 

Dangal First Day Collection

Nice work with good ideas and concepts, lots of great information which we all need, helpful information. I would like to thank you for the efforts you shown remarkable writing skill in this article
Dangal Box Office Collection
Dangal First Day Collection
Dangal Movie Collection
Dangal Total Collection
Dangal Collection
Dangal Movie Box Office Collection
Dangal Box Office
Dangal Second Day Collection

game android offline dan bbm mod

I like this site. visit my site for downloaddownload game android mod, you can also download game android offline gratis or download game naruto android. and the interesting game Pes 2017 apk or Pes 2016 Apkthe other isbbm modbbm mod kartunbbm mod gingerbread

bbm mod

nice site. i like it. visit this site for download
bbm mod or download
bbm modand download bbm mod gingerbread or download bbm mod kartun

bbm mod

BBM MOD
bbm mod
bbm mod
bbm mod
bbm mod
bbm mod
bbm mod
bbm mod
bbm mod
bbm mod

Awesome and interesting

Awesome and interesting article. Great things you've always shared with us. Thanks. Just continue composing this kind of post. Buy Research Papers Online

sssm id

Check How To Find Samagra Id Samagra Id No, Samagra Family Id, Sssm Samagra IdId No, Sssm Id Education Portal, Samagra Siksha Portal, Samagra Id MPONLINE
Get your samagra family id number Samagra Idand Samagra id no from the Official Website :- samagra.gov.in. Samagra Id

I can expect nothing but the impression your article! You really

I can expect nothing but the impression your article! You really seriously invest in what you do. sure you will succeed how to get help in windows 10

I've been struggling all week to find ideas for my essays

I've been struggling all week to find ideas for my essays. It's great when I accidentally read your blog, suggested to me very much. lucky patcher apk

diwali

happy new year 2017
diwali 2016

Trickscity

Hey your post is very intresting i appricate your work. Guys Check these stuff also :-
Best free online movie streaming sites
reliance jio ussd codes

bbm mod

visit this site for many experience at:
kumpulan game naruto
bbm mod
bbm mod
bbm mod transparan
bbm mod hello kitty

download game android

disini kami menyediakan blog untuk download bbm mod dan download game android offline, selain itu kami juga menyediakan download game android mod, dan download game naruto ppsspp. terima kash :)

Android tricks and whatsapp tricks

Thanks for sharing this article please read my website article.

Best Car Insurance Company In USA

How to Enable Ambient Display Feature on Rooted Android Device

North Carolina Gov.replica

North Carolina Gov.replica christian louboutin Pat McCrory declared a state replica cartier sunglasses of emergency at 12:30 a.m. and called in the National Guard after Charlotte’fake cartier love bracelet police chief said he needed the help.

ms dhoni movie collections list

ms dhoni movie detials..

http://moviebeat.in/ms-dhoni-box-office-collections/

great

I liked it too much.

samagra portal

Check How To MP Education Portal daily OrderFind Samagra Id No, Samagra Family Id, MP Education Portal daily Order Sssm Id No, Sssm Id Education Portal, Samagra Siksha Portal, MPONLINE MP Education Portal daily Order
Get your samagra family id number MP Education Portal daily Order and Samagra id no from the Official Website :- samagra.gov.in. MP Education Portal daily Order

good ,,, Paket Umroh Desember

good ,,,
Paket Umroh Desember 2016

Great Article it its really

Great Article it its really informative and innovative keep us posted with new updates. its was really valuable. thanks a lot. Essay Writing Help

Travel Umroh Amanah di Jakarta

mumtaz ,,,,,
by slamet_3bidadari

Promo Umroh Desember 2016
Umroh Promo
Info Paket Umroh Plus Turki 2016

Marléne Tamlin

Marléne Tamlin

Christer Sanne

Christer Sanne
Lotta Hedström

Samtal om tillväxt

I frihandelns goda namn

Klimatmålsinitiativet

Den gröna tankesmedjan Cogito
Pustegränd 1-3, 118 20 Stockholm | Tel 08-545 224 62, fax 08-545 224 60 | Webbredaktör: Martin Nilsson | Ansvarig utgivare: Katarina Wangler Björk |